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07 December 2008 @ 01:10 am
[Auxlangs] • References  
Auxiliary languages, or auxlangs for short, are constructed languages (conlangs) that were made with the intent of facilitating international communication. I have a couple problems with the concept of auxlangs:

  1. They tend to be highly focused on the West and have little to no input from Eastern languages, such as Chinese, Japanese, Arabic, etc.

  2. While I feel that facilitating communication is an important goal, auxlangs will always, for me, be in the position of second language, because I feel that people need to retain their native tongues to maintain their cultural identity. That is, auxlangs will probably only exist as sort of an "academic" language, really.

But they're interesting to learn, nonetheless! And I figure that, if I can basically understand Interlingua and, to a lesser extent, Ido, at first glance, and if the grammars are inherently simple, then I might as well learn them, if not just to expand my way of thinking and facilitate learning of other Romance languages on which Esperanto, Ido, and Interlingua are based.



Esperanto

The most widely used auxiliary language. There are a couple guys at my school who offer Esperanto lessons, and there are many resources online, so learning it shouldn't be too difficult.

lernu!

Ido

Ido is a reformed version of Esperanto that seeks to solve many problems that are inherent in Esperanto; some of the grammar is simplified, and Ido contains an aspect of gender neutrality that is lacking in Esperanto.

The International Language IDO - Reformed Esperanto
The international language Ido - improved Esperanto
Ido-Skolo

Interlingua

Interlingua is a widely used auxiliary language, second to Esperanto. (Well, it's debatable whether Interlingua or Ido is second...) In any case, Interlingua is more immediately accessible and understandable to those who already speak a Romance language—in my case, Spanish. Therefore, I'm choosing to try to learn Interlingua before I attempt to tackle Esperanto.

Introductory course to Interlingua
Grammar of Interlingua
Interlingua and IPA notation
 
 
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brian_barker on December 7th, 2008 12:26 pm (UTC)
Esperanto has official recognition
The main thing about Esperanto is that it has official recognition.

This can be seen at the United Nations "Human Rights Convention" in Geneva this year http://anoia-esperanto.blogspot.com/2008/10/esperanto-candidat-al-nobel-de-la-pau.html (French Version) or http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=YKsVGBSBG2k (Esperanto Version)

Or at http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-8837438938991452670
mankso on December 8th, 2008 06:50 am (UTC)
Esperanto
Re your first criticism:
# They tend to be highly focused on the West and have little to no input from Eastern languages, such as Chinese, Japanese, Arabic, etc.

As far as Esperanto is concerned, the vocabulary was, and is, largely selected on the basis of 'maximum internationality', not to democratically represent various language groups, although there are indeed some (few) words from the languages you mention. And as far as the word-building and syntax are concerned there is sufficient literature available discussing its Europeanness, or lack thereof. And if you already know a Romance language, there seems little point in learning Interlingua.

Here are the figures for attendance at annual Esperanto congresses:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Esperanto_Congress
Until such time as someone can come up with comparable figures for Ido and/or Interlingua, interest in these IALs can only be considered academic. Interlingua is perhaps easier to passively understand, but Esperanto is easier to actively produce. You seem to prefer naturalistic versus schematic. Also, Esperanto has the Prague Manifesto:
http://lingvo.org
I have never seen anything similar for other IALs. Have you?